Compiled by Brock Pate


  1. Evarts, William Maxwell. In the Matter of Benjamin W. Perkins Against the Russian Government. Washington, DC, 1860
  2. Perkins, Anna B. The Claim of Anna B. Perkins Against the Russian Government. Intelligencer Printing House, 1867.
  3. Perkins, Benjamin W. Claim of Captain Benjamin W. Perkins Against the Government of Russia, in the Matter of Two Contracts Entered into the Years 1855 and 1856. G.S. Gideon, printer, 1858.
  4. Seward, William H. Letter to Cassius M. Clay. “Concerning the Claim of Benjamin W. Perkins.” Washington, DC, October 16, 1861


  1. Anderson, Olive. “Economic Warfare in the Crimean War.” The Economic History Review 14, no. 1 (1961): 34–47.
  2. Bektas, Yakup. “The Crimean War as a Technological Enterprise.” Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science 71, no. 3 (September 2017): 233–62.
  3. Bolkhovitinov, N. N. Russian-American Relations and the Sale of Alaska, 1834-1867. Translated by Richard A. Pierce. Fairbanks, AK: Alaska Limestone Press, 1996.
  4. Bolkhovitinov, Nikolay N. “The Crimean War and the Emergence of Proposals for the Sale of Russian U. S., 1853-1861.” Pacific Historical Review 59, no. 1 (February 1, 1990): 15–49.
  5. Curtiss, John Shelton. Russia’s Crimean War. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1979.
  6. Curtiss, John Shelton. “The Army of Nicholas I: Its Role and Character.” The American Historical Review 63, no. 4 (July 1958): 880–89.
  7. Dvoichenko-Markov, Eufrosina. “Americans in the Crimean War.” Russian Review 13, no. 2 (April 1954): 137–45.
  8. Farrow, Lee. “A Reexamination of the Perkins Claim.” Essay. In NEW PERSPECTIVES ON RUSSIAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS 1, 1:74–87. New York, NY: Routledge, 2016.
  9. Fenton, Roger. Roger Fenton, Photographer of the Crimean War; His Photographs and His Letters from the Crimea. New York, NY: Arno Press, 1973.
  10. Figes, Orlando. The Crimean War: A History. New York, NY: Picador, 2010.
  11. Golder, Frank A. “Russian-American Relations During the Crimean War.” The U. America Historical Review 31, no. 3 (April 1926): 462–76.
  12. Golder, Frank A. “The Purchase of Alaska.” The U. America Historical Review 25, no. 3 (April 1920): 411–25.
  13. Goldfrank, David M. The Origins of the Crimean War. New York, NY: Longman, 1994.
  14. Gooch, Brison D. “A Century of Historiography on the Origins of the Crimean War.” The American Historical Review 62, no. 1 (October 1956): 33–58.
  15. Holbo, Paul S. Tarnished Expansion: the Alaska Scandal, the Press, and Congress, 1867-1871. Knoxville, TN: Univ. of Tennessee Pr., 1983.
  16. Jones, David Robert. The Crimean War: Then and Now. Barnsley, England: Frontline Books, 2017.
  17. Kozelsky, Mara. Crimea in War and Transformation. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019.
  18. Miller, David Hunter. The Alaska Treaty. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1985.
  19. National Army Museum. “Crimean War.” National Army Museum. Accessed March 16, 2021.
  20. Ponting, Clive. The Crimean War. London, England: Chatto & Windus, 2004.
  21. Puryear, Vernon J. “New Light on the Origins of the Crimean War.” The Journal of Modern History 3, no. 2 (June 1931): 219–34.
  22. Rath, Andrew C. The Crimean War in Imperial Context, 1854-1856. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
  23. Saul, Norman E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia: 1763-1867. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1991.
  24. Schmitt, Bernadotte E. “The Diplomatic Preliminaries of the Crimean War.” The U. America Historical Review 25, no. 1 (October 1919): 36–67.
  25. Thomas, Benjamin Platt. Russo-American Relations, 1815-1867. New York, NY: Da Capo Press, 1970.



  1. Brady, Mathew. Portrait of Secretary of State William H. Seward, Officer of the United States Government. Portrait. Library of Congress. Washington, D. C. Library of Congress. Accessed May 3, 2021.
  2. Fenton, Roger. Shadow of the Valley of Death. Photograph. Washington, D. C., 1855. Library of Congress.
  3. Handy, Levin, and Matthew Brady. Evarts, Hon. Wm, of N.Y. Secretary of State, Hays Cab. Photograph. Library of Congress. Washington, D. C. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Accessed May 3, 2021.
  4. ———. Baron De Stoeckl. Photograph. Library of Congress. Washington, D. C. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Accessed May 3, 2021.
  5. Leutze, Emanuel. Signing of the Alaska Treaty, 1868. Portrait. Anchorage Museum. Anchorage, AK, n.d. Anchorage Museum.
  6. Unknown. Czar Alexander II. Photograph. Ottawa, n.d. National Archives of Canada.
  7. Winterhalter, Franz Xaver. Portrait of Napoleon III (1808-1873). Portrait. Rome, 1855. Napoleonic Museum.
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